Gum cleaning is also called “deep cleaning” or “scaling and root planing”. During this procedure, the hygienist will remove tartar and plaque attached to the teeth both above and below the gum line. You might need or benefit from gum cleaning if you have gingivitis or periodontitis, which are two types of gum disease.
Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums. It is characterized by red, puffy gums that are prone to bleeding.There is usually little or no pain at this stage. The most common source of this inflammation is plaque, which means that it is usually caused by poor oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and improved brushing and flossing. If left unaddressed, it could lead to periodontitis.
Periodontitis is inflammation and gradual loss of the bone holding the teeth in place. If not treated, it will eventually cause tooth loosening, followed by tooth loss. Periodontitis is caused by microorganisms adhering to and growing on the tooth’s surfaces, coupled with an overly aggressive immune response to these microorganisms.
Once periodontitis occurs, the problem will need to be addressed with professional remedies such as gum cleaning or more advanced approaches.